Buddhism by the Numbers
Numbered lists can help students remember teachings. Click 🅆 to read more in Wikipedia.
Four Noble Truths
The four central beliefs containing the essence of Buddhist teaching. 🅆
- There is suffering (dukkha)
- It is caused by clinging (taṇhā)
- There is an end to dukkha
- Is it the Noble Eightfold Path
Noble Eightfold Path
The Buddha’s practical instructions to reach the end of suffering. Grouped into three parts: ethical conduct (1, 2, 3), mental discipline (4, 5, 6), and wisdom (7, 8). 🅆
- Right understanding (samma ditthi)
- Right thought (samma sankappa)
- Right speech (samma vaca)
- Right action (samma kammanta)
- Right livelihood (samma ajiva)
- Right effort (samma vayama)
- Right mindfulness (samma sati)
- Right concentration (samma samadhi)
The code of ethics or morality for Buddhists.
- to refrain from killing;
- to refrain from stealing;
- to refrain from lying;
- to refrain from improper sexual conduct;
- to refrain from consuming intoxicants.
Mental factors that hinder progress in meditation and life.
- Sensory desire (kāmacchanda)
- Ill-will (vyāpāda)
- Sloth-and-torpor (thīna-middha)
- Restlessness-and-worry (uddhacca-kukkucca)
- Doubt (vicikicchā)
A.k.a. the Three Refuges or the Triple Gem; the three central Buddhist ideals or principals.
- the Buddha, the fully enlightened one
- the Dharma, the teachings expounded by the Buddha
- the Sangha, the monastic order of Buddhism that practice the Dharma
Four Divine Abodes
A.k.a. the brahmaviharas; four Buddhist virtues and the meditation practices that cultivate them.
- loving-kindness or benevolence (metta)
- compassion (karuna)
- empathetic joy (mudita)
- equanimity (upekkha)
The primary causes of karma, which leads to samsara (the cycle of rebirths).
- ignorance, delusion (moha)
- greed, sensual attachment (raga)
- aversion, ill will (dvesha)
The bodily and mental factors that help create craving and clinging.
- form (rupa) the body or any physical matter
- sensation (vedana) the pleasant, unpleasant or neutral sensory experience of an object
- discrimination (sanna) sensory and mental process that registers, recognizes and labels (a mountain, the color blue, tiredness)
- mental formations (saṅkhāra) Mental imprints and conditioning triggered by an object; any process that makes a person initiate action or act.
- consciousness (viññāṇa) Awareness of an object and discrimination of its components and aspects
Three Marks of Existence
A.k.a. the Three Seals; three characteristics of all existence and all beings.
- impermanence (annica)
- unsatisfactorynes or suffering (dukkha)
- non-self (anatta)
Three Pillars of Dhamma (dharma)
Or, Grounds for Making Merit.
- Generosity (dana)
- Moral restraint (sila)
- Meditation (bhavana) – consists of Concentration (samadhi) and Mindfulness (sati)